Melanoma - schwarzer Hautkrebs
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What is melanoma?

Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes which can be found predominantly in skin but also in the bowel and the eye. It is the most serious type of cancer of the skin. Each year in the United States, more than 53 600 people learn that they have melanoma. The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2007, there will be 59 940 new cases of melanoma in the United States, and about 8 110 people will die of the disease. Despite many years of intensive clinical and laboratory research, the sole effective cure is surgical resection of the primary tumor before it achieves a thickness of greater than 1mm. Although melanoma only accounts for about 3 percent of skin cancer cases, it is responsible for most skin cancer deaths.

Around 160 000 new cases of this type of skin cancer are diagnosed worldwide each year, and it is more frequent in males and caucasians. It is more common in white populations living in sunny climates than other groups. According to the WHO Report about 48 000 melanoma related deaths occur worldwide per annum.

Examples of melanoma:
knotiges Melanoma oberflächlich spreitendes Melanoma Melanoma unter dem Fingernagel oberflächlich spreitendes Melanoma

Melanoma: Types of Skin Cancer Types of Skin Cancer

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